COVID-19 CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC

Coronavirus Cases:

Deaths:

Recovered:

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ACTIVE CASES
70,590,824
Currently Infected Patients
70,494,955
(99.9%)
in Mild Condition
95,869
(0.1%)
Serious or Critical
CLOSED CASES
294,126,692
Cases which had an outcome:
288,477,521
(98.1%)
Recovered / Discharged
5,649,171
(1.9%)
Deaths

Reported Cases and Deaths by Country, Territory, or Conveyance



The coronavirus COVID-19 Pandemic is affecting 213 countries, territories around the world and two international conveyances. We reset daily time after midnight GMT+0. The list of countries, territories and their continental, regional classification is based on the United Nations Geoscheme. We provide data from sources under "Latest Updates". Learn more about Worlstatistics's COVID-19 data

No. Country Cases New cases Deaths New Deaths Recovered New Recovered Serious Critical Tot cases/ 1M pop Tot deaths/ 1M pop Total test Tot test/ 1M pop Population
1 United States 74,206,002 899,081 45,428,070 0 224,186 2,716 0 0 331,002,651
2 India 40,371,500 491,729 37,677,328 0 29,255 356 0 0 1,380,004,385
3 Brazil 24,553,950 624,507 22,036,168 0 115,516 2,938 0 0 212,559,417
4 France 18,122,724 130,015 5,162,757 0 277,643 1,992 0 0 65,273,511
5 United Kingdom 16,245,474 155,040 12,961,845 0 239,305 2,284 0 0 67,886,011
6 Russia 11,404,617 328,770 10,129,691 0 78,149 2,253 0 0 145,934,462
7 Turkey 11,167,927 86,487 10,484,202 0 132,417 1,025 0 0 84,339,067
8 Italy 10,539,601 145,159 7,687,989 0 174,318 2,401 0 0 60,461,826
9 Spain 9,660,208 92,767 5,786,381 0 206,614 1,984 0 0 46,754,778
10 Germany 9,270,732 117,968 7,443,300 0 110,650 1,408 0 0 83,783,942
11 Argentina 8,130,023 120,019 7,162,581 0 179,885 2,656 0 0 45,195,774
12 Iran 6,293,695 132,333 6,091,880 0 74,931 1,576 0 0 83,992,949
13 Colombia 5,798,799 133,019 5,545,155 0 113,964 2,614 0 0 50,882,891
14 Mexico 4,779,296 304,308 3,853,156 0 37,068 2,360 0 0 128,932,753
15 Poland 4,695,435 104,636 3,880,924 0 124,065 2,765 0 0 37,846,611
16 Indonesia 4,309,270 144,261 4,129,305 0 15,755 527 0 0 273,523,615
17 Netherlands 4,131,630 21,253 1,993,056 0 241,124 1,240 0 0 17,134,872
18 Ukraine 3,946,202 99,738 3,601,952 0 90,232 2,281 0 0 43,733,762
19 South Africa 3,590,399 94,491 3,429,498 546 60,537 1,593 22,120,335 372,970 59,308,690
20 Philippines 3,493,447 53,736 3,213,190 0 31,880 490 0 0 109,581,078
21 Peru 3,070,357 204,769 N/A 0 93,121 6,210 0 0 32,971,854
22 Canada 2,979,643 33,192 2,695,771 0 78,947 879 0 0 37,742,154
23 Belgium 2,939,439 28,902 2,021,761 0 253,627 2,494 0 0 11,589,623
24 Czechia 2,888,827 37,114 2,557,250 0 269,757 3,466 0 0 10,708,981
25 Malaysia 2,850,408 31,940 2,770,663 0 88,068 987 0 0 32,365,999
26 Israel 2,643,026 8,541 1,865,189 0 305,357 987 0 0 8,655,535
27 Portugal 2,443,524 19,744 1,865,651 0 239,638 1,936 0 0 10,196,709
28 Thailand 2,407,022 22,101 2,302,164 0 34,485 317 0 0 69,799,978
29 Australia 2,390,397 3,389 1,978,446 0 93,741 133 0 0 25,499,884
30 Japan 2,347,498 18,599 1,892,074 0 18,561 147 0 0 126,476,461
31 Vietnam 2,203,208 37,291 1,945,611 0 22,634 383 0 0 97,338,579
32 Iraq 2,183,402 24,330 2,090,815 0 54,283 605 0 0 40,222,493
33 Romania 2,114,834 59,797 1,873,747 0 109,932 3,108 0 0 19,237,691
34 Switzerland 2,082,644 12,764 1,265,724 0 240,640 1,475 0 0 8,654,622
35 Chile 2,045,874 39,594 1,923,031 0 107,023 2,071 0 0 19,116,201
36 Sweden 2,015,276 15,744 1,288,165 0 199,547 1,559 0 0 10,099,265
37 Greece 1,867,935 23,083 1,627,118 0 179,212 2,215 0 0 10,423,054
38 Bangladesh 1,747,331 +15,807 28,288 +15 1,561,043 +1,037 1,349 10,610 172 12,310,677 74,751 164,689,383
39 Austria 1,727,661 14,042 1,445,628 0 191,826 1,559 0 0 9,006,398
40 Serbia 1,616,584 13,417 1,337,218 0 185,019 1,536 0 0 8,737,371
41 Denmark 1,516,878 3,674 1,020,282 0 261,883 634 0 0 5,792,202
42 Hungary 1,490,489 41,151 1,233,499 0 154,289 4,260 0 0 9,660,351
43 Pakistan 1,393,887 29,162 1,272,871 0 6,310 132 0 0 220,892,340
44 Kazakhstan 1,192,211 13,177 1,021,215 0 63,494 702 0 0 18,776,707
45 Jordan 1,184,856 13,142 1,097,176 0 116,127 1,288 0 0 10,203,134
46 Ireland 1,159,271 6,136 262,338 0 234,775 1,243 0 0 4,937,786
47 Morocco 1,120,087 15,270 1,049,166 0 30,346 414 0 0 36,910,560
48 Georgia 1,110,168 14,840 981,531 0 278,296 3,720 0 0 3,989,167
49 Cuba 1,033,984 8,383 1,010,162 0 91,288 740 0 0 11,326,616
50 Slovakia 957,633 17,755 854,786 0 175,402 3,252 0 0 5,459,642
51 Nepal 939,267 11,687 837,004 0 32,236 401 0 0 29,136,808
52 Bulgaria 913,592 32,939 658,492 0 131,482 4,740 0 0 6,948,445
53 Croatia 909,674 13,625 828,673 0 221,587 3,319 0 0 4,105,267
54 Lebanon 882,783 9,528 682,977 0 129,337 1,396 0 0 6,825,445
55 Tunisia 866,445 26,051 731,135 0 73,312 2,204 0 0 11,818,619
56 United Arab Emirates 835,839 2,232 772,723 0 84,510 226 122,725,911 12,408,587 9,890,402
57 Bolivia 835,170 +6,938 20,774 +54 665,789 +5,828 220 71,547 1,780 2,653,186 227,292 11,673,021
58 South Korea 777,497 6,654 610,740 0 15,165 130 0 0 51,269,185
59 Belarus 734,078 5,992 725,935 0 77,686 634 0 0 9,449,323
60 Ecuador 691,898 34,362 N/A 0 39,216 1,948 0 0 17,643,054
61 Norway 690,244 1,439 88,952 0 127,322 265 0 0 5,421,241
62 Guatemala 677,214 16,294 625,147 0 37,800 909 0 0 17,915,568
63 Saudi Arabia 670,997 8,929 622,087 0 19,274 256 0 0 34,813,871
64 Panama 669,860 7,645 580,367 0 155,248 1,772 0 0 4,314,767
65 Costa Rica 668,209 7,505 572,102 0 131,173 1,473 0 0 5,094,118
66 Slovenia 656,569 5,825 507,018 0 315,819 2,802 0 0 2,078,938
67 Azerbaijan 643,509 8,664 620,182 0 63,468 855 0 0 10,139,177
68 Lithuania 639,527 7,815 541,642 0 234,923 2,871 0 0 2,722,289
69 Uruguay 621,453 6,368 539,075 0 178,901 1,833 0 0 3,473,730
70 Sri Lanka 604,581 15,346 576,781 0 28,234 717 0 0 21,413,249
71 Paraguay 554,182 17,112 476,125 0 77,698 2,399 0 0 7,132,538
72 Dominican Republic 550,020 4,295 528,372 0 50,703 396 0 0 10,847,910
73 Myanmar 534,671 19,310 512,742 0 9,827 355 0 0 54,409,800
74 Kuwait 521,341 2,490 469,916 0 122,078 583 0 0 4,270,571
75 Venezuela 475,135 5,419 452,613 0 16,709 191 0 0 28,435,940
76 Finland 470,665 +6,271 1,919 +25 46,000 52 84,947 346 9,368,092 1,690,772 5,540,720
77 State of Palestine 466,697 4,805 439,810 59 91,484 942 2,958,990 580,033 5,101,414
78 Ethiopia 463,465 7,292 394,030 0 4,031 63 0 0 114,963,588
79 Mongolia 435,681 2,102 313,256 0 132,899 641 0 0 3,278,290
80 Moldova 423,568 10,587 374,873 0 105,000 2,624 0 0 4,033,963
81 Libya 416,223 5,979 390,207 0 60,574 870 0 0 6,871,292
82 Egypt 415,468 22,460 349,427 0 4,060 219 0 0 102,334,404
83 Honduras 391,874 10,504 127,038 0 39,565 1,061 0 0 9,904,607
84 Latvia 363,821 4,846 288,705 0 192,886 2,569 0 0 1,886,198
85 Armenia 358,218 8,035 334,960 0 120,887 2,712 0 0 2,963,243
86 Bahrain 343,400 1,400 311,418 0 201,813 823 0 0 1,701,575
87 Bosnia and Herzegovina 341,913 14,243 192,218 0 104,216 4,341 0 0 3,280,819
88 Qatar 332,800 640 301,289 0 115,513 222 0 0 2,881,053
89 Oman 330,767 4,134 308,825 0 64,772 810 0 0 5,106,626
90 Singapore 327,602 850 308,480 0 55,997 145 0 0 5,850,342
91 Kenya 320,918 5,567 293,017 0 5,968 104 0 0 53,771,296
92 Estonia 313,685 2,023 250,826 0 236,469 1,525 0 0 1,326,535
93 Zambia 304,002 3,907 294,802 0 16,536 213 0 0 18,383,955
94 North Macedonia 263,206 8,312 238,452 0 126,336 3,990 0 0 2,083,374
95 Nigeria 252,753 3,134 228,137 11 1,226 15 3,992,486 19,368 206,139,589
96 Albania 252,577 3,323 225,835 0 87,767 1,155 0 0 2,877,797
97 Botswana 245,904 2,565 235,216 0 104,568 1,091 0 0 2,351,627
98 Cyprus 243,818 724 124,370 0 201,943 600 0 0 1,207,359
99 Algeria 243,568 6,526 162,743 0 5,554 149 0 0 43,851,044
100 Zimbabwe 228,943 5,321 216,028 0 15,404 358 0 0 14,862,924
101 Mozambique 223,413 2,164 208,770 0 7,148 69 0 0 31,255,435
102 Uzbekistan 218,477 1,551 208,018 0 6,528 46 0 0 33,469,203
103 Montenegro 216,856 2,541 206,941 0 345,276 4,046 0 0 628,066
104 Kyrgyzstan 197,081 2,862 185,167 0 30,208 439 0 0 6,524,195
105 Reunion 180,531 500 108,771 0 201,640 558 0 0 895,312
106 Uganda 161,192 3,510 99,179 0 3,524 77 0 0 45,741,007
107 Afghanistan 161,004 7,403 146,454 0 4,136 190 0 0 38,928,346
108 Ghana 156,392 1,384 152,907 0 5,033 45 0 0 31,072,940
109 Namibia 155,623 3,947 145,325 0 61,247 1,553 0 0 2,540,905
110 Luxembourg 150,883 947 118,230 0 241,036 1,513 0 0 625,978
111 Laos 132,130 534 7,660 0 18,161 73 0 0 7,275,560
112 Rwanda 128,509 1,434 45,522 0 9,922 111 0 0 12,952,218
113 El Salvador 127,012 3,866 117,753 0 19,582 596 0 0 6,486,205
114 Maldives 125,590 273 +1 108,632 25 232,340 505 2,027,101 3,750,113 540,544
115 Jamaica 122,463 2,617 68,949 0 41,356 884 0 0 2,961,167
116 Cambodia 121,150 3,015 117,286 0 7,246 180 0 0 16,718,965
117 Cameroon 114,113 1,867 106,050 0 4,299 70 0 0 26,545,863
118 Trinidad and Tobago 108,088 3,347 84,292 0 77,234 2,392 0 0 1,399,488
119 China 105,811 4,636 98,814 0 74 3 0 0 1,439,323,776
120 Guadeloupe 105,319 773 2,250 0 263,216 1,932 0 0 400,124
121 Angola 97,812 1,892 90,853 0 2,976 58 0 0 32,866,272
122 Democratic Republic of the Congo 84,877 1,278 50,930 0 948 14 0 0 89,561,403
123 Senegal 84,709 1,939 79,072 0 5,059 116 0 0 16,743,927
124 Malawi 84,105 2,537 68,547 0 4,397 133 0 0 19,129,952
125 Martinique 82,813 826 104 0 220,679 2,201 0 0 375,265
126 Côte D’Ivoire 80,396 782 77,143 0 3,048 30 0 0 26,378,274
127 French Guiana 74,686 363 11,254 0 250,052 1,215 0 0 298,682
128 Suriname 72,088 1,252 49,235 0 122,885 2,134 0 0 586,632
129 Eswatini 68,205 1,371 66,567 0 58,789 1,182 0 0 1,160,164
130 Malta 66,938 541 62,039 0 151,600 1,225 0 0 441,543
131 Iceland 63,188 46 51,550 0 185,170 135 0 0 341,243
132 Fiji 62,203 791 58,656 0 69,389 882 0 0 896,445
133 Guyana 58,196 1,154 44,095 0 73,989 1,467 0 0 786,552
134 Mauritania 57,794 937 51,877 30 12,430 202 673,273 144,801 4,649,658
135 Madagascar 57,375 1,223 52,012 0 2,072 44 0 0 27,691,018
136 Sudan 56,595 3,411 40,329 0 1,291 78 0 0 43,849,260
137 Cabo Verde 55,543 393 54,356 0 99,900 707 0 0 555,987
138 Syria 51,124 2,977 37,103 0 2,921 170 0 0 17,500,658
139 Belize 49,059 624 38,915 0 123,379 1,569 0 0 397,628
140 French Polynesia 47,794 636 N/A 0 170,141 2,264 0 0 280,908
141 Gabon 46,469 301 41,461 0 20,878 135 0 0 2,225,734
142 Barbados 41,355 277 33,075 0 143,906 964 0 0 287,375
143 Channel Islands 40,101 129 37,469 0 230,647 742 0 0 173,863
144 Burundi 37,170 38 773 0 3,126 3 0 0 11,890,784
145 Papua New Guinea 36,596 597 35,853 0 4,090 67 0 0 8,947,024
146 Curaçao 36,594 222 33,266 0 223,008 1,353 0 0 164,093
147 Togo 36,421 267 31,558 0 4,399 32 0 0 8,278,724
148 Mayotte 36,166 187 2,964 0 132,566 685 0 0 272,815
149 Guinea 36,013 416 31,870 0 2,742 32 0 0 13,132,795
150 Andorra 35,028 145 30,112 0 453,349 1,877 0 0 77,265
151 Seychelles 34,367 143 28,964 0 349,446 1,454 0 0 98,347
152 Tanzania 32,920 778 N/A 0 551 13 0 0 59,734,218
153 Aruba 32,562 193 32,013 9 304,985 1,808 177,885 1,666,120 106,766
154 Bahamas 32,282 731 24,048 0 82,092 1,859 0 0 393,244
155 Lesotho 32,049 690 20,990 0 14,960 322 0 0 2,142,249
156 Mali 29,895 710 25,584 0 1,476 35 0 0 20,250,833
157 Haiti 28,561 783 24,300 0 2,505 69 0 0 11,402,528
158 Benin 26,450 163 25,506 0 2,182 13 0 0 12,123,200
159 Mauritius 25,570 762 24,687 0 20,106 599 0 0 1,271,768
160 Somalia 25,388 1,335 13,182 0 1,597 84 0 0 15,893,222
161 Isle of Man 21,200 70 20,487 0 249,315 823 0 0 85,033
162 Burkina Faso 20,591 366 19,967 0 985 18 0 0 20,903,273
163 Saint Lucia 20,192 326 15,788 0 109,962 1,775 0 0 183,627
164 Timor Leste 19,894 122 19,740 0 15,089 93 0 0 1,318,445
165 Taiwan 18,566 851 16,407 0 780 36 0 0 23,816,775
166 New Caledonia 17,903 283 13,426 0 62,708 991 0 0 285,498
167 Nicaragua 17,650 216 4,225 0 2,664 33 0 0 6,624,554
168 Tajikistan 17,241 124 17,023 0 1,808 13 0 0 9,537,645
169 South Sudan 16,752 137 12,934 0 1,497 12 0 0 11,193,725
170 Faroe Islands 16,637 17 7,693 5 340,483 348 730,000 14,939,729 48,863
171 Brunei 16,148 98 15,682 1 36,911 224 702,469 1,605,721 437,479
172 New Zealand 15,842 52 14,549 0 3,285 11 0 0 4,822,233
173 Equatorial Guinea 15,774 182 15,121 0 11,243 130 0 0 1,402,985
174 Djibouti 15,411 189 15,073 0 15,598 191 0 0 988,000
175 Central African Republic 13,840 109 6,859 0 2,866 23 0 0 4,829,767
176 Hong Kong 13,626 213 12,572 0 1,818 28 0 0 7,496,981
177 Gibraltar 12,441 100 10,750 0 369,268 2,968 0 0 33,691
178 Grenada 11,816 207 9,467 0 105,010 1,840 0 0 112,523
179 San Marino 11,786 108 10,091 0 347,352 3,183 0 0 33,931
180 Cayman Islands 11,666 15 8,093 0 177,505 228 0 0 65,722
181 Gambia 11,572 347 10,156 0 4,788 144 0 0 2,416,668
182 Yemen 10,842 2,005 7,086 0 364 67 0 0 29,825,964
183 Greenland 10,359 5 2,761 0 182,473 88 0 0 56,770
184 Bermuda 10,262 114 8,429 0 164,777 1,831 0 0 62,278
185 Eritrea 9,408 96 8,913 0 2,653 27 0 0 3,546,421
186 Sint Maarten 9,203 79 8,183 0 214,642 1,843 0 0 42,876
187 Saint Martin 9,143 60 1,399 0 236,461 1,552 0 0 38,666
188 Dominica 8,838 51 8,058 0 122,774 708 0 0 71,986
189 Niger 8,616 297 7,794 0 356 12 0 0 24,206,644
190 Liechtenstein 8,406 73 7,920 0 220,468 1,915 0 0 38,128
191 Monaco 7,928 44 7,370 0 202,028 1,121 0 0 39,242
192 Comoros 7,824 159 7,620 0 8,997 183 0 0 869,601
193 Sierra Leone 7,611 125 N/A 0 954 16 0 0 7,976,983
194 Guinea-Bissau 7,508 154 6,503 0 3,815 78 0 0 1,968,001
195 Liberia 7,243 289 5,747 0 1,432 57 0 0 5,057,681
196 Chad 7,073 190 4,874 0 431 12 0 0 16,425,864
197 Caribbean Netherlands 6,685 27 5,912 0 254,929 1,030 0 0 26,223
198 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 6,663 92 5,711 0 60,059 829 0 0 110,940
199 Antigua and Barbuda 6,442 126 5,197 0 65,782 1,287 0 0 97,929
200 Sao Tome and Principe 5,856 69 5,377 0 26,720 315 0 0 219,159
201 British Virgin Islands 5,809 49 N/A 0 192,154 1,621 0 0 30,231
202 Turks and Caicos Islands 5,659 34 5,383 0 146,163 878 0 0 38,717
203 Saint Kitts and Nevis 5,368 +37 33 4,816 +71 1 100,904 620 64,883 1,219,628 53,199
204 Bhutan 4,225 3 2,780 0 5,476 4 0 0 771,608
205 Saint Barthelemy 3,282 6 N/A 0 332,287 607 0 0 9,877
206 Anguilla 2,270 7 2,139 0 151,303 467 0 0 15,003
207 Saint Pierre and Miquelon 813 0 587 0 140,318 0 0 0 5,794
208 Solomon Islands 755 5 20 0 1,099 7 0 0 686,884
209 Wallis and Futuna Islands 454 7 438 0 40,395 623 0 0 11,239
210 Montserrat 161 1 148 0 32,252 200 0 0 4,992
211 Falkland Islands 85 0 N/A 0 24,425 0 0 0 3,480
212 Macao 79 0 79 0 122 0 0 0 649,335
213 Holy See 29 0 27 0 36,205 0 0 0 801
214 Samoa 27 0 3 0 136 0 0 0 198,414
215 Western Sahara 10 1 8 0 17 2 0 0 597,339
216 Vanuatu 7 1 6 0 23 3 0 0 307,145
217 Marshall Islands 7 0 7 0 118 0 0 0 59,190

Last New

Coronavirus News Updates February 2020

January Timeline:

How dangerous is the coronavirus?

There are three parameters to know to assess the magnitude of the risk posed by this novel coronavirus:

How contagious is that the Wuhan Coronavirus? (Ro)

The attack rate or transmissibility (how rapidly the disease spreads) of a virus is indicated by its reproductive number (Ro, pronounced R-nought or r-zero), representing the average number of individuals to which a single infected person will transmit the virus.

The WHO's estimated (on Jan. 23) Ro to be between 1.4 and 2.5.

Other studies have estimated a Ro between 3.6 and 4.0 and between 2.24 to 3.58.

Preliminary studies had estimated Ro to be between 1.5 and 3.5.

An outbreak with a reproductive number of below one will gradually disappear.

For comparison, the Ro for the common flu is 1.3, and for SARS, it was 2.0.

Fatality Rate (case fatality ratio or CFR) of the Wuhan Coronavirus

The novel coronavirus' case death rate has been estimated at around 2% within the WHO press conference held on January 29, 2020. However, it noted that it had been too early to be ready to put a percentage on the death rate figure without knowing what percentage were infected.

A prior estimate had put that number at 3%.

The fatality rate can change as a virus can mutate, in keeping with epidemiologists.

For comparison, the case mortality rate for SARS was 10%, and for MERS 34%.

Incubation Period (how long it takes for the symptoms to appear)

The symptoms of COVID-19 may appear in as few as two days or as long as 14 (estimated ranges vary from 2-10 days, 2-14 days, and 10-14 days), during which the virus is contagious. Still, the patient doesn't display any symptoms (asymptomatic transmission).

The age and conditions of Coronavirus cases

According to early estimates by China's National Health Commission (NHC), about 80% of those who died were over 60, and 75% had pre-existing health conditions like cardiovascular diseases and diabetes.

According to the WHO Situation Report no. 7 issued on Jan. 27th:

A study of 138 hospitalized patients with NCIP found that the median age was 56 years (interquartile range, 42-68; span, 22-92 years), and 75 (54.3%) were men.

The WHO, in its Myth busters FAQs, addresses the question: "Does the new coronavirus affect older people, or are younger people also susceptible?" by answering that:

The patient who died within the Philippines was a 44-year old male.

The patient who died within the Philippines on February 2, in what was the first death occurring outside of China, was a 44-year-old Chinese man from Wuhan who was admitted on January 25 after experiencing fever, cough, and pharyngitis, before developing severe pneumonia. In a previous couple of days, "the patient was stable and showed signs of improvement, however, the condition of the patient deteriorated within his last 24 hours leading to his demise," in line with the Philippine Department of Health.

Severe Cases of 30-year-old patients in France

As of January 29, in line with French authorities, the conditions of the 2 earliest Paris cases had worsened, and therefore the patients were being treated in intensive care, per French authorities. The patients have been described as a young couple aged 30 and 31 years old, both Chinese citizens from Wuhan who were asymptomatic after arriving in Paris on January 18.

The Age and Sex of the first deaths as reported by the China National Health Commission (NHC)

The NHC reported the first 17 deaths up to 24 pm on January 22, 2020. The casualties included 13 males and four females. The median age of the deaths was 75 (range 48-89) years.

The WHO Risk Assessment: Global Emergency

On January 30, the World Health Organization public the coronavirus outbreak is a Global Public Health Emergency.

Learn more information from the WHO regarding novel coronavirus: WHO page on Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV)

Comparisons:

Sources

  1. Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) situation reports - World Health Organization (WHO)
  2. 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in the U.S. -. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
  3. Outbreak Notification - National Health Commission (NHC) of the People’s Republic of China
  4. Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) - Australian Government Department of Health
  5. Novel coronavirus 2019-nCoV: early estimation of epidemiological parameters and epidemic prediction - Jonathan M. Read et al, Jan. 23,2020.
  6. Early Transmissibility Assessment of a Novel Coronavirus in Wuhan, China - Maimuna Majumder and Kenneth D. Mandl, Harvard University - Computational Health Informatics Program - Posted: 24 Jan 2020 Last revised: 27 Jan 2020
  7. Report 3: Transmissibility of 2019-nCoV - 25 January 2020 - Imperial College London?
  8. Case fatality risk of influenza A(H1N1pdm09): a systematic review - Epidemiology. Nov. 24, 2013
  9. A novel coronavirus outbreak of global health concern - Chen Want et al. The Lancet. January 24, 2020
  10. Symptoms of Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) - CDC
  11. China's National Health Commission news conference on coronavirus - Al Jazeera. January 26, 2020
  12. Wuhan lockdown 'unprecedented', shows commitment to contain virus: WHO representative in China - Reuters. January 23, 2020
  13. Statement on the meeting of the International Health Regulations (2005) Emergency Committee regarding the outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) - WHO, January 23, 2020
  14. International Health Regulations Emergency Committee on novel coronavirus in China - WHO, January 30, 2020
  15. Human-to-human transmission of Wuhan virus outside of China, confirmed in Germany, Japan and Vietnam - The Online Citizen, Jan. 29, 2020
  16. Who: "Live from Geneva on the new #coronavirus outbreak"
  17. CDC Confirms Person-to-Person Spread of New Coronavirus in the United States - CDC Press Release, Jan. 30, 2020
  18. CMO confirms cases of coronavirus in England - CMO, UK, Jan. 31, 2020
  19. Coronavirus in France: what you need to know - The Local France, Jan. 31, 2020
  20. First two persons infected with coronavirus identified in Russia - Tass, Jan. 31, 2020
  21. Updated understanding of the outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019nCoV) in Wuhan, China - Journal of Medical Virology, Jan. 29, 2020
  22. Estimating the effective reproduction number of the 2019-nCoV in China - Zhidong Cao et al., Jan. 29, 2020
  23. Preliminary estimation of the basic reproduction number of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in China, from 2019 to 2020: A data-driven analysis in the early phase of the outbreak - Jan. 30, 2020
  24. Coronavirus: Window of opportunity to act, World Health Organization says - BBC, Feb,. 4, 2020
  25. Clinical Characteristics of 138 Hospitalized Patients With 2019 Novel Coronavirus–Infected Pneumonia in Wuhan, China - Wang et. al, JAMA, Feb. 7, 2020